A basic premise of the National Response Framework (NRF) is that most incidents begin and end locally, and are managed at the local or tribal level. The NRF is designed to provide a framework for how all levels of government, as well as private sector and non-governmental organizations, can work together to respond to and recover from incidents. It is based on the idea that local and tribal authorities are best positioned to manage most incidents, and that they should be given the necessary resources and support to do so.
The NRF is organized around the concept of tiered response, which means that it is designed to be scalable and flexible in order to meet the needs of incidents of all sizes and complexities. For smaller incidents, local and tribal authorities may be able to handle the response on their own, with minimal assistance from other levels of government or outside organizations. For larger or more complex incidents, the NRF provides a framework for coordinating the efforts of multiple organizations and agencies at the local, state, regional, and national levels.
Overall, the NRF is intended to ensure that the United States has the capacity to respond effectively to any incident, while also allowing local and tribal authorities to maintain control over the response efforts in their jurisdictions.