Which of the following statements about eyewitness testimony is correct?
- Eyewitness testimony is always reliable.
- Eyewitness testimony is never reliable.
- Eyewitness testimony is reliable for events that do not involve crime.
- Eyewitness testimony is vulnerable to the power of suggestion.
Eyewitness testimony is vulnerable to the power of suggestion.
Eyewitness testimony is a type of evidence that is based on what a witness remembers seeing or hearing during an event. It can be a powerful form of evidence in a legal case, but it is also vulnerable to the influence of various factors, such as the power of suggestion.
One way that the power of suggestion can affect eyewitness testimony is through the process of leading questions. If an interviewer asks a witness a question that suggests a particular answer or interpretation of events, it can influence the witness’s memory and cause them to remember the event in a way that is consistent with the suggestion.
Another way that the power of suggestion can influence eyewitness testimony is through the influence of external information. If a witness is exposed to information about an event after it has occurred, it can affect their memory of the event and cause them to remember it differently.
It is important to be aware of the potential influence of the power of suggestion on eyewitness testimony and to take steps to minimize its impact. This can include using neutral, non-leading questions when interviewing witnesses and limiting their exposure to external information about the event.